Sri Lanka

Geography

An island in the Indian Ocean off the southeast tip of India, Sri Lanka is about half the size of Alabama. Most of the land is flat and rolling; mountains in the south-central region rise to over 8,000 ft (2,438 m).

History

 

Facts & Figures

Land area 24,996 sq mi (64,740 sq km); total area: 25,332 sq mi (65,610 sq km)
Population (2009 est.) 21,324,791 (growth rate: 1.0%); birth rate: 16.2/1000; infant mortality rate: 18.5/1000; life expectancy: 75.1; density per sq mi: 809
Capital and largest city (2003 est.) Colombo, 2,436,000 (metro. area), 656,100 (city proper). Legislative and judicial capital: Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, 118,300
Other large cities Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia 214,300; Moratuwa, 181,000; Kandy, 112,400
Monetary unit Sri Lanka Rupee (LKR)